Kerala, often referred to as the ‘Land of Spices’, is a thriving tourist destination in South India. The lush greenery, scenic backwaters necklaced with coconut trees, sprawling beaches and the exotic culinary platter bears testimony to the state being hailed as God’s Own Country. Kerala enjoys a unique geographical placement; a stretch of land enclosed between the Arabian Sea to the west and the hilly Western Ghats snaking down to the right, and crisscrossed with numerous rivers and canals. Throw in an equable climate and you have one of the most favoured tourist destinations in Asia.
History The history of Kerala can be traced through its commerce roots. The state enjoyed the status of being the Spice Coast of India, and was the country’s entrance door to travellers and traders from all over the world.Traders from Rome, Greece, the Middle East, Portugal, France, Britain and Nederland used to sail to India via Kerala, and trade in goods, especially spices. All these traders have left behind traces of their essence in the culture of Kerala, which are visible even today.The influence of Greek, Roman, Portuguese, Dutch, French, British and Arab cultures are evident in the architecture, literature, cuisine, art forms etc. In towns like Fort Kochi, the fine line in cultural difference is very much evident, making Kerala a culturally rich state. People & Life Kerala is one of India’s advanced state, in terms of literacy, health care, high quality of living, cleanliness etc. It has one of the highest life expectancy rate, literacy rate and lowest infant mortality rate in the country. The people here are well educated and well informed on national as well as international affairs. Their knowledge and education gives them a greater say in the governance of the state, and also provides them with a greater access to opportunities and services that are not quite easily found in other states.